Howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences to the nutsandbolts issues of classroom teaching. Multiple intelligences theory hereafter referred to as mi theory was named and developed by howard gardner, a professor of cognition and education at harvard university. Howard gardner of harvard university in his book, frames of mind. Multiple intelligences before i read the required encyclopedia materials for this week i had no prior knowledge of the gardners theory of multiple intelligences. Multiple intelligence theoryhoward gardner youtube. Howard gardner proposed this model in his 1983 book frames of mind. In the early 1980s, howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences took the educational world by storm. Why is an application of multiple intelligences theory important for.
Differentiating instruction using multiple intelligences. I was initially attracted to mi theory in 1985 when i saw that. Educational implications of the theory of multiple intelligences. Different learners require different learning styles. The theory of multiple intelligences proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. The work on multiple intelligences began in the early 1980s with howard gardner, and the research continues. Application of multiple intelligences research in alternative assessment by joseph walters harvard university. This idea brings forth the notion that all humans are capable of learning.
Discussing the meaning of intelligence and the practices of individuation and personalization in the miconscious classroom, gardner addresses some of the frequent problems faced by teachers who seek more personalized education for students. He turned the psychometric and behaviorist world on its ear in 1983 when he. Gardner says that people have a plu rality or set ofintelligences orabili. Created using powtoon free sign up at youtube create animated videos and animated presentations for free. Multiple intelligences theory, action research, and teacher. I was initially attracted to mi theory in 1985 when i saw that it provided a language for talking about the inner gifts of children, especially those students who have been given labels such as ld. Yet they believe there are positive reasons for considering the theory of multiple intelligence and its implications for education. Are multiple intelligences, other than the traditional linguistic and logical methods used as often in the classroom. Learning about gardners nine types of intelligence helps students start to see they each have a unique set of capabilities and skills. According to gardners theory of multiple intelligences. Educators, therefore, should think of all intelligences as equally important.
What makes the multiple intelligences theory strong and useful in a classroom is the fact that it can be used for any subject and at any level. Japan, and help students learn more effectively in classrooms. Who are the critics of this theory and what do they say. Based on his study of many people from different walks of life in everyday circumstances and professions, howard gardner. Howard gardner, a professor of education at harvard university, in 1983. The multiple intelligences theory was created by dr. Multiple intelligences in the classroom, 4th edition. Theory and practice in adult esl eric digest eric clearinghouse on assessment and evaluation washington dc publication date.
When gardners theory on multiple intelligences came out in 1983, it radically transformed teaching and learning in the u. What students gain from the multiple intelligences theory. Application of howard gardners multiple intelligence. Gardner opposes the idea of labeling learners to a specific intelligence. The theory of multiple intelligences was introduced in 1983 by psychologist howard gardner in his book frames of mind. It suggests that teachers be trained to present their lessons in a wide variety of ways using music, cooperative learning, art activities, role play, multimedia, field trips, inner reflection, and much more see multiple intelligences in the. Pdf introducing the theory of multiple intelligences into english. Using multiple intelligences in testing and assessment. He also responds directly to criticism of multiple intelligences theory. Gardners theory of multiple intelligencesteachers will consider and understand eight. Adapting like that will even lower the costs of education time, resources, energy.
Multiple intelligences in the classroom erwin widiyatmoko. How can teachers use multiple intelligences in the classroom. Digest on howard gardners multiple intelligence theory printed at. Originally gardner claimed that every human possessed seven. Beyond these three general categories, many theories of and approaches toward human potential have been developed. What are multiple intelligences and how do they affect. How to use gardners multiple intelligences theory to help. Secondly, individuals of such talents are victims of single minded or single focused approach to the. The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific modalities, rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by a single general ability. Introduced in his 1983 book, frames of mind, gardners theory challenges the views of intelligence as measured by intelligence quotient iq and as described in jean piaget. What do multiple intelligences have to do with my classroom. Pdf during the last three decades, multiple intelligence mi, proposed. The multiple intelligences theory guided a variety of teaching strategies which can be. Gardners multiple intelligence theory nursing education.
Howard gardner s theory of multiple intelligences to the nutsandbolts issues of classroom teaching. The theory of multiple intelligences, suggests that there are at least seven human intelligences, two of which, verballinguistic intelligence and logicalmathematical intelligence, have dominated the traditional pedagogy of western societies. The theory behind howard gardners multiple intelligences is that humans are not a blank slate that is capable of learning any skill presented before them, but that humans have varied intelligences, or strengths. Students need to understand muliple intelligences theory. Gardners multiple intelligences, a learning theory. I find this fact very peculiar, considering that the. He also holds positions as adjunct professor of psychology at harvard university and senior director of harvard project zero he has written twenty books, hundreds of articles, and is best known for his theory of multiple intelligences, which holds that. Multiple intelligences theory is not just an alternative way of thinking about students cognitive abilities independent of classroom application.
Despite this, the theory of multiple intelligences enjoys considerable popularity with educators. Gardners theory of multiple intelligences m1 caught the imagination of educators and since the. Howard gardner, multiple intelligences and education. Gardner links the forms of intelligence not only to societal values, but also to the opportunities and re sources provided in the culture. Proceedings of the second national research symposium on limited. Song getcha head in the game from high school musicalsoundtrack version artist troy. I was aware, however of the stanfordbinet intelligence scale and tests. Adapting instruction to multiple intelligences scholastic. The next time you walk into a classroom full of students leaping midair, painting passionately, singing soulfully, or writing madly, its likely you have howard gardners groundbreaking frame of mind. How to use gardners theory of multiple intelligences. Howard gardner of harvard university originally identified seven distinct intelligences. Howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences many of us are familiar with three general categories in which people learn. Understanding multiple intelligences for the classroom. Each student comes to a classroom as an individual who has developed a.
The real problem in these cases is a misunderstanding of how multiple intelligences create opportunities for growth. Howard gardner and the theory of multiple intelligences. Multiple intelligences theory sug gests that people learn the skills they need to survive and that are valued in their culture. Using the multiple intelligences theory in a classroom atlas. Creating a multiple intelligences lesson plan by nancy mimi taylor on january 5, 2015 with the start of the new year, i know many of you are going back to planning lessons for the children in your care. The multiple intelligence theory mi was developed by howard gardner. Differential effects of a multiple intelligences curriculum on student. Creating a multiple intelligences lesson plan mimi and. Books about the theory of multiple intelligences and its application to education. Gardner s theory also suffers from a lack of supporting empirical research.
Multiple intelligences framework of gardner is a good approach for differentiation in the classroom. Although howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences mi is over a decade old, teachers are still trying to find the best way to use this theory to assess students with different styles of learning and varied academic strengths. To start with it is clear that many talents if not intelligences are neglected these days. In fact, what this theory of multiple intelligences advocates for is that we adapt our teaching methods to each persons kind of intelligence. Gardners theory of multiple intelligences were used while a cooperative learning. It challenges the thendominant and still sometimes prevalent belief that only linguistic and mathematical skills can define a persons intelligence. For more information on multiple intelligences and everything you need to apply mi theory to curriculum development, lesson planning, assessment, special education, cognitive skills, and more, make sure to check out multiple intelligences in the classroom, 4th edition by thomas armstrong. Each student comes to a classroom as an individual who has developed a different type of intelligence. The theory states that all seven intelligences are needed to productively function in society. Harvard graduate professor in the school of education, in 1983.
Many teachers utilize multiple intelligences in their teaching philosophies and work to integrate gardner s theory into the classroom. Hobbs professor in cognition and education at the harvard graduate school of education. Learning about howard gardners multiple intelligences. The essence of gardners multiple intelligences mi is that each person has eight types of intelligence. Using multiple intelligences in the classroom accepting gardners theory of multiple intelligences has several implications for teachers in terms of classroom instruction. A theory developed by howard gardner 1983 which states that people perceive the world around them through their intelligences. Educational benefits of applying multiple intelligences theory. Pdf the theory of multiple intelligences mi developed by howard gardner. Applying multiple intelligences in the classroom national forum. The theory of multiple intelligences and its application in efl. Educators had long dabbled in learning modalities verbal, auditory, tactile, and kinesthetic methods for receiving information and recognized that not all students learn the same way. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Two teacher and classroombased action research projects hanafin, 1997. Do teachers know their students multiple intelligence strengths, and is there deliberate use of those strengths in their lessons, or is it unintentional.118 1015 321 490 1390 885 124 988 631 950 1408 1627 992 292 455 435 30 974 396 1025 1221 746 1330 679 46 1023 1451 251 740 895 664 1531 1517 145 740 145 1372 1449 1206 1103 504